The beautiful thing about a standard 78 card tarot deck is that the owner essentially has three decks all in one.
The Major Arcana
There are many decks that are solely created with only the major arcana cards while other times there are many diviners who exclusively use the major arcana. The major arcana, or trump cards, is the set of 22 cards that tell the Fool’s Journey or the evolution of consciousness. The use of only the the major arcana is beneficial when diviners want to learn the tarot at their own pace. Some diviners find it overwhelming to learn the 78 cards at once so they learn and divine with the majors first and then introduce the minor arcana gradually.
When using the major arcana only, you can use multiple cards to answer a single question. One common misconception is that when using a major arcana only deck, you can only divine about major life events, but that is not the case. You can divine as you normally would, even implementing card combinations and reversals to essentially give you the feel of a standard deck or oracle feeling deck. You can use the major arcana cards to divine just as you would the standard deck.
For longer spreads, you can have card combinations “do double duty”, or shorten the spread to suit your needs.
Another misconception is that because of the limited amount of cards, information divined would somehow be limited. There are about as many major arcana cards as there are runes, and diviners can give great readings with runes.
The decision to use only the major arcana is absolutely personal. It is important to point out that there is no right or wrong way.
The Minor Arcana
The minor arcana is the portion of 56 cards, broken p into four suits that deal with the various aspects of daily life. The benefits of using only the minor arcana can be to divine for many things, but not limited to, what is happening in our mundane lives, life lessons, daily experiences, life influences, etc. Using only the minor arcana can also be beneficial when breaking the deck into suits and diving about a specific subject matter.
Cups: emotions, relationships, artistry, and intuition
Wands: career, creativity, passions, and energy
Pentacles: business, education, material things, and wealth
Swords: intellect, logic, communication, and ideas
The Court Cards
Made up of sixteen cards, representing the four suits as they associate and intermingle with one another. The court cards represent the archetypes of our lives, representing who we are and those we know. Using a court card only deck can be beneficial when diving about personalities, physical characteristics, or used as a significator deck when combined with another part of the deck.